Pojects&Campaigns

REPERID PROJECTS AND CAMPAIGNS This project is funded ``With the support of the UNESCO 2005 Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions``

Both enjoyed smoking the drug and viewed the smoking and trafficking of cannabis as ‘harmless’.

1. Identify areas where cannabis is cultivated?
Participants confirmed that the NW province was rife with cannabis cultivation. Within the province there are villages and farms that dominate the cultivation market in Cameroon, e.g. within the Kumbo area Ngondzen and Kuvlu are particular examples.

There are also small ‘farms’ within the Kumbo (city) area that cultivate small amounts of the drug.

2. Method of cultivation?
Cannabis is not grown year round. Crops are planted prior or just after the reainy season begins and take approximately 4-5 months to mature – although this time can vary depending on the farmers inclination.

During the dry season it is more difficult to purchase cannabis, however, many farmers store the crop so that a year-round supply can be maintained. This storage is usually based on the farm.

The ease with which cannabis can be grown was emphasised. It would appear the climate in the North West Province is very well suited to the cultivation of cannabis. Very little care needs to be taken when planting the seeds – they are simply sprinkled on the land and left to grow, with only the occasional ‘weeding’ necessary.

Labour is generally provided from within the family unit.
3. The means of trafficking?

The participants we spoke to stated that the primary means of trafficking cannbis, from the farm to the kumbo are, would be by foot. Individuals travel up to 40 km (return journey) taking shortcuts rather than using main roads. However, occasionally individuals may rent motorcycles to make the journey.

If public transport is used then it was emphasised that the quanity of cannabis transported would be very small.

When going further than kumbo the participants stated that the main difficulty asociated with trafficking was on the kumbo-Bamenda road. Once the drug reaches Bamenda it is relatively easy to distribute it to the rest of the country. A network usually exist so that the trafficker has a reliable partner (with access to transport, i.e. good’s vehicles) who is paid for his services but that may not be involved any further in the trafficking.

While locals were aware of the participants involvement with cannabis the participants believed there was no desire to contact the relevant authorities and that a degree of antipathy exist.

Traffickers could expect a, minimum, 400% increase when selling the drug compared with the origional purchase price.

PROJECT TITLE: “DECENTRALISATION, THE DIVERSITY OF CULTURAL EXPRESSIONS AND COUNCIL POLICIES: A NEW PARADIGM FOR COUNCIL DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES IN CAMEROON”

BACKGROUND: The triple dimension of the Project is to enable Councils in Cameroon to systematically and consciously take into account culture in the formulation and implementation of their development policies by familiarizing and enabling them to exploit avenues and make use of the cultural dimensions of the 2004 Decentralization Laws and the 2005 UNESCO Convention on the Protection and the Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions which the Republic of Cameroon acceded to on the 22nd of November, 2006. This will be achieved through Public Awareness (Sensitization & Education), Closing institutional gaps and Capacity Building for Cultural Actors.

OBJECTIVES OF THE PROJECT

– To create public consciousness and awareness on the capitalisation of culture and cultural policies for Councils as an end in itself and a means to an end.
– Enhance the capacities of Councils and cultural actors to understand and exploit the new National and International Legal Instruments relating to culture.
– To cause Councils to include cultural policies in the formation and implementation of their development policies.
– To identify Cultural Actors within the Project areas and build a database of Cultural Actors . This will include Cultural Sites that need protection as well as threatened intangible heritage in Projects areas.
– To create a Network of Cultural Actors-NECA around a strategic Council development framework for the protection and promotion of the diversity of cultural expressions.

Projects

Visionary Integrated Agricultural Development Common Initiative Group (VINAD C.I.G)

The main objective of the C.I.G is to promote agricultural activities and boost production and income thereby reduce poverty. Specific objectives are to:

• Carry out gainful/profitable activities for its members and communities partners such as off season vegetable, poultry and piggery farming.

• Introduce and promote off season farming to complete the chain of food crop production and integrate livestock farming in order to optimize gains, reduce food shortage, poverty and malnutrition through community-based member owned initiatives and actions.

• Seek funding and assistance for the group and her members in order to carry out projects and activities.

• Empower its members, partner C.I.Gs as well as the community through trainings, seminars, workshops and field / exchange visits.

• Introduce and develop affordable methods of irrigation for integrated agricultural production.

• Design and set up awareness and educative programs geared towards environmental protection, use of environmentally friendly products and methods, fighting climate change and the introduction of IWRM principles in water uses for agricultural production through irrigation.

• Provide basic support and follow up to less privileged members of the group and society at large particularly, those affected by poverty, malnutrition,

(VINAD C.I.G) Background

(VINAD C.I.G) Background

The Off Season Vegetable Group Farming & Integrated Beef Fattening Project aims at capitalizing on existing farming activities by introducing off season group vegetable farming with a livestock integrated component to promote mixed farming, increase production and income, and reduce poverty and malnutrition.

The initiative will be carried out at VINAD’s six and the half (6.5) hectares demonstration farm at Wosing -Bali in the North West Region of Cameroon. The farm will simultaneously act as a pilot farm for likeminded Farmers’ C.I.Gs of the Subdivision and neighbouring subdivisions and Regions. It will thereby support and promote local agricultural farmers for sustainable and economic empowerment.

Guinea, Gabon, Chad Central African Republic and Congo are major consumers. Increase in food production is therefore imperative given the growing pressure on demand for food crops from Cameroon. The domestic demand is equally on the rise. Population growth, improved access to and more farm to market roads, Better road network linking Cameroon withsome of its neighbours has encouraged agricultural trade in food crops but strategies to increase production in Cameroon are not correspondingly visible.

The Dry season is a period when food supply is low; prices in the market are high and affect home food supply and sustenance. The Off Season Vegetable Group Farming is aimed at producing during the dry season so that the chain of production is all year round. Through the project, we intend to directly touch 15 C.I.Gs, 150 household/ farmers in the pilot phase with the multiplier effect of reaching another 900 individuals indirectly.

Implementation
The project submitted to Dordretch – Bamenda Foundation (Holland) for implementation has the following preliminary activities.

i) The identification, organization and sensitization of existing C.I.Gs on: “Off Season Group Vegetable Farming & Integrated Beef Fattening” demonstration and promotion. The farm has been cleared, ploughed, harrowed and ridges formed. An irrigation scheme is to be set up to irrigate the off season crops to be introduced which shall be: Tomatoes, lettuce, corn, beans, water Mellon, huckle berry popularly known as Njama-Njama, pepper, “Okro” etc. The tomatoes nursery is almost ready for transplant.

Tomatoes were planted on 1.5 Hectares in December 2012. This off season approach to food production enabled us to test certain irrigation techniques. A tractor ploughed and harrowed the area. Irrigation pipes were laid from a stream through portions of the farm to a 5000 liter tank. Sprinklers were connected and tested. Three water pumps were bought for the project. Women and youth were hired to form ridges and spot the planting holes with organic manure from fowl dropping.

Divided into four plots, each plot had 29 ridges which were 46 meters long. The farm has a total of 116 ridges of 46m long.

Women and youth form ridges after the tractor ploughed and harrowed the farm area.

A 5000Lit tank for water storage and irrigation

One major challenge was blight and pest attack. Itseriously affected produce and results as can be seen in the technical report.

ii) Enabling other C.I.Gs to set up and run off season group farms which integrates a beef fattening component.
• The idea is not to produce only during the dry season (off season). By producing during the dry season, the chain of production is complete.
• Each Common Initiative Group will have a group farm for irrigation and production of off season crops and vegetables. Animals from the pilot farm shall be given to production C.I.Gs for fattening.
• Each C.I.G is expected to have for a start at least one (1) hectare of land.The proceeds from the group farm will go to the C.I.G to build its capital and provide dividends to its members/farmers.

iii) Moving towards congruence with the formation of a cooperative and tomato transformation plant
We envisage that in 24 months, C.I.Gs would have planted for at least four rounds, understood technics of tomatoes production strategies and will be ready for the creation of a cooperative bringing together alltomatoes producer C.I.Gs. The ultimate goal is to set up a tomatoes transformation plant. C.I.Gs will be shareholders and their individual farm proceeds and farm land will be the principal local resource counterpart capital. The benefits of such a project are multiple-tomato transformationwill greatly reduce post-harvest losses and therebyoptimise gains.Job creation will be achieved and poverty mitigated. Hence, the: ‘Community Support Initiative for Agricultural Development and Poverty Reduction’- COSIAD & PORE.

The off Season Vegetable Group Farming and Beef Fattening project

Production will equally provide more food to sustain households thereby reducing malnutrition. Food crop production will also provide feed for livestock. 

Milestone
Goals one and three of the MDGs are cardinal and vital in poverty reduction and gender equality. “In social entrepreneurship, a fulfilling achievement is always the number of lives that have been touched and transformed using what we have and share”-Per Mbuagbaw Peterfounder of REPERID. Gender equality is more so important in Africa because the African woman is the backbone offood crop production; household nutrition and sustainable micro family businesses. Cameroon is a food basket in the sub region and supplies food to most of its neighbours. Nigeria, Equatorial
• There are about 75 Common Initiative Groups (C.I.Gs) in the area. Five (5) C.I.Gs involved in vegetable and seasonal crop farming have been identified and registered to participate in the pilot phase of the project.
• REPERID started by a diagnosis of the 5 selected Common Initiative Groups (C.I.Gs).
• The next phase is to organize a capacity building workshop for the C.I.G leaders and executive members to introduce the idea and method of: “Community Support Initiative for Agricultural Development and Poverty Reduction”- COSIAD & PORE and the “Off Season Group Vegetable Farming & Integrated Beef Fattening” initiative.
• Workshop will be followed by another two day interactive workshop with farmers/C.I.G members on “off-Season Vegetable Group Farming & Integrated Beef Fattening.” Agricultural experts and technicians will train group members and leaders on production and farm management technics of off season production.

NAME OF C.I.G

N° OF MEMBERS

F

M

AREA OF FARM LAND FOR THE INITIATIVE

VINAD C.I.G

09

05

04

6.5 Ha

BOJA C.I.G

07

04

03

½ Ha

MANYUSUNG C.I.G

10

07

03

5 Ha

ii) Set up a demonstration farm for promoting, expanding and vulgarizing the initiative.

VINAD-C.I.G’s six (6) hectares land at Wosing-Kontan for off season farm activities and integrated beef fattening

Despite the challenge, 138basketswere harvested and sold in Bali and Bamenda markets.Due to blight attack, the income resulting from sales fell short of the expected income by approximately90%.

 

Cannabis - A discussion with traffickers and users 06 March 2006

With the objective of gaining more information, concerning the cultivation, trafficking and consumption of cannabis, two REPERID members embarked on a conversation with two traffickers/users.

Both users were from the Kumbo area. They consume and traffick cannabis in this locality but have previously been involved in trafficking elsewhere, e.g. Bamenda, with one participant spending 3 months in jail for a cannabis related offence. Both users descirbed a situation whereby the lack of paid employment, or belief that paid employment was obtainable, ‘pushed’ them towards this sector. They both stated they woudl prefer not to be involved in trafficking, although both would continue consuming, if a viable alternative to make an income could be identified.